Hand Hygiene and Effective Handwashing | Highfield e-learning

Hand Hygiene and Effective Handwashing

Personal hygiene is extremely important. Daily washing, showering or bathing will remove most of the organisms picked up during the day. Hand hygiene in particular is an important part of preventing infection. Hands can be cleaned, or decontaminated by:

  • Body fluids

    washing them with soap
    and water

  • Dog icon

    using alcohol hand rubs
    and gels


Watch the videos below to learn the correct methods for effective handwashing and hand sanitisation.

The 9 Steps to Effective Handwashing

Effective handwashing is vital to prevent the spread of pathogens. The steps below will show the process for routine handwashing throughout the day.

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Tight chest or difficult / laboured breathing
  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Tight chest or difficult / laboured breathing
  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Tight chest or difficult / laboured breathing

Once your hands are clean, you must take care not to contaminate them again.

Remember: the surfaces of taps, reusable hand towels and bins can all harbour pathogens.


Do you know the facts?

Changing your clothing daily, especially work clothing, reduces the risk of contaminants on clothes being spread to other people.

When is it important to wash hands?

Microorganisms are all around us therefore it is important to wash your hands regularly throughout the day. Hands should also be washed in the following moments, to protect yourself and to prevent microorganisms being transferred to others and also to the environment.

  • Avoid touching your face

    Before, during and after preparing food

  • Keep distant

    Before eating food

  • Coughing into elbow

    Before you start work

  • Using tissue

    Before and after caring for someone who is ill

  • Keep distant

    After using the toilet

  • Disinfect hand contact surfaces

    After handling an animal or animal waste or feed

  • Face mask

    After touching your hair or your face

  • Contact your manager

    After handling a baby or cleaning up a child

  • Face mask

    After blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing

  • Wash hands

    After handling waste

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